Mercedes-Benz "Pagoden-SL" der Baureihe W 113

The Geneva Motor Show in March 1963 became the scene of a remarkable debut which was widely covered in the media: With the Type 230 SL Daimler-Benz presented a new sports car which was to replace two models of the former sales programme at once.

Mercedes-Benz Typ 250 SL, aus dem Jahre 1966, California-Ausführung (kein Softtop, dafür Rückbank)

The new model was faced with a major challenge – not only because its two predecessors, the 190 SL and the 300 SL, had been extremely popular from the start and the 300 SL had even become a legend during its lifetime.

Mercedes-Benz Typ 280 SL, aus dem Jahre 1968

The real challenge was the fact that, despite many similarities within the family of models, both models represented two radically different design concepts and it turned out to be rather difficult to make out something like a common denominator.

Mercedes-Benz Typ 280 SL, aus dem Jahre 1968

In a sense, the new model represented something of a compromise: the 230 SL, internally code named W 113, was neither an irredeemably tough roadster, nor a gentle boulevard-sports car – rather, it was a comfortable two-seated GT car with an excellent driving performance and maximum driving safety.

Mercedes-Benz Typ 280 SL

Apart from its wheelbase – the magic measurement of 2400 mm had been taken over unchanged – the new SL had almost nothing in common with its two predecessors.

Mercedes-Benz Typ SL-Roadster der Baureihe W 107, Typ SSK, Typ Pagoden-SL, auf dem Hockenheimring.

Still, the W 113 was not simply a new construction as its technical concept was mainly based on that of the 220 SE. For example, the new model took its curtailed and reinforced framework from the tailfin sedan including the front and rear axle suspension. the engine, too, had been developed from the 2.2-liter aggregate of the 220 SE.

Von links, Mercedes-Benz Typ 190 SL-Roadster der Baureihe W 121, Typ Pagoden-SL der Baureihe W 113, Typ SL-Roadster der Baureihe W 107, Typ 300 SL-Roadster und Typ 300 SL-Coupé der Baureihe W 198, aus den Jahren 1954 - 1985

By reboring the engine to 2.3 liter, enhancing compression and use of a six-piston injection pump, power was increased to 150 hp.

Mercedes-Benz Typ 230 SL, 1964. - Mercedes-Benz Typ 230 SL, 1964. - Im Jahr 1963 wurde dieser Wagen als Nachfolger des Mercedes-Benz 190 SL vorgestellt. Abgesehen von der hervorragenden Technik und den Leistungen, war das abnehmbare Hardtop ein wichtiges Merkmal, das wegen seiner eigenwilligen Form "Pagodendach" genannt wurde. Es machte den Wagen unverwechselbar und wurde bald zum Synonym für alle Fahrzeugvarianten dieser SL-Baureihe.

Apart from the standard 4-speed gearbox, for the first time an SL model had become available with an optional 4-speed automatic transmission.

Mercedes-Benz Typ 230 SL, 1964

A third version came in May 1966 with a 5-speed gearbox, produced by the Zahnradfabrik Friedrichshafen (ZF).

 

Mercedes-Benz Typ 230 SL, 1967.

The 230 SL was the first sports car with a safety body with stiff passenger cell and deformation zones at the front and rear; this had become possible by applying the construction principles of Béla Barényi, which had been used for the first time in the “fintail” sedans.

Mercedes-Benz Typ 230 SL, 1963 - 1967.

In contrast to these invisible construction elements, the body was characterised by one conspicuous design element: The 230 SL came with a removable hood, which had a concave shape, i.e. its surface curves inwards in the middle.

Mercedes-Benz Typ 230 SL aus dem Jahre 1965.

This rather avantgardistic design was unusual for its time and met by no means only with approval. However, it was not an end in itself, but was a classical illustration for the designer maxim that “form follows function”.

Mercedes-Benz Pagoden-SL

According to the work of Béla Barényi, the pagoda shape lends a high degree of stiffness to the roof even if it uses a light construction. Moreover, access had become easier through the big side windows and vision had improved.

Mercedes-Benz Typ 230 SL

As with its predecessor, the 230 SL came in three versions: as a roadster with collapsible hood, as coupé with removable hood and as coupé with removable hood and a roadsterhood. All three versions could optionally be fitted with a transverse seat in the rear.

Mercedes-Benz Typ 230 SL der Baureihe 113

On 27. February 1967, the 250 SL, which was to replace the 230 SL after four years of production, was unveiled to the public. The newcomer, which was serially produced as early as December 1966, had the same exterior as its predecessor.

Der Mercedes-Benz 230 SL erscheint 1963 mit ungewohnten neuen Proportionen und Linien – und dem unverwechselbaren „Pagodendach“. Das abnehmbare Hardtop sieht nicht nur gut aus, seine spezielle Form mit leicht abgesenktem Mittelteil erhöht auch die Dachsteifigkeit und damit die Sicherheit. Zu den praktischen Vorteilen zählt auch die leichtere und stabilere Montagemöglichkeit eines Dachträgers, beispielsweise zum Transport von Skiern. Die vertikalen Hauptscheinwerfer hat Mercedes-Benz bereits 1957 beim 300 SL Roadster eingeführt und in weiteren Modellen fortgesetzt. Sie dienen als typisches Marken-Erkennungszeichen in der Frontansicht.

Basic changes related to the engine and the brakes, which were derived from the 250 SE model in slightly modified form. The engine, the cubic capacity of which had been increased by 200 cc after the stroke of the piston had been lengthened, achieved the same performance at 10 % higher torque and was moreover equipped with seven camshaft bearings and an oil cooler.

Der 230 SL erscheint 1963 mit ungewohnten neuen Proportionen und Linien – und dem unverwechselbaren „Pagodendach“. Das abnehmbare Hardtop sieht nicht nur gut aus, seine spezielle Form mit leicht abgesenktem Mittelteil erhöht auch die Dachsteifigkeit und damit die Sicherheit. Zu den praktischen Vorteilen zählt auch die leichtere und stabilere Montagemöglichkeit eines Dachträgers, beispielsweise zum Transport von Skiern.

Changes of the brakes comprised disk brakes at the rear wheels, bigger brake shoes at the front and the addition of a brake-power regulator. Incorporation of a bigger 82- instead of the 65-liter fuel tank increased the travel range of the car.

Mercedes-Benz Typ 230 SL der Baureihe 113

Beside the three 230 SL versions an optional fourth version was available for the 250 SL – a coupé with seats in the rear, which was presented for the first time in March 1967 at the Geneva Motor Show.

Mercedes-Benz Typ 230 SL der Baureihe 113

The additional space, which had become necessary for the incorporation of the rear seats had become available after the roadster hood and hood box were removed. Because it was impossible to backfit the hood, this version was to be recommended only in areas with little rainfall or after closing the coupé hood.

Mercedes-Benz Typ 230 SL der Baureihe 113

Less than a year after its presentation, the 250 SL was replaced by a new model. When the new intermediate-class Types were introduced to the markets, not only the saloons, coupés and convertibles of the top class, but also the SL was fitted with a 2.8-liter engine.

Armaturen, Mercedes-Benz Typ 250 SL, 1966 - 1968.

Owing to a camshaft with new control times, the engine version built into the 280 SL delivered an additional 10 hp compared to the basic version of the 280 SE.

Mercedes-Benz Typ 250 SL, aus dem Jahre 1966. Einfahrbahn im Werk Untertürkheim

Compared with the 250 SL engine output had been increased by 20 hp and torque was 10 % higher. Apart from the model badge, the 280 SL could only be differentiated from the two predecessor models by the wheel trim.

Mercedes-Benz Typ 250 SL, 1966-1968.

In March 1971 production of the 280 SL ended. The successor was the 350 SL, a completely new design, the production of which began in April 1971. A total of 48,912 cars were built of the three 113 series SL-models in eight years.

Mercedes-Benz Typ 250 SL mit Kofferset, 1966-1968., California-Ausführung (kein Softtop, dafür Rückbank)

Due to the characteristic shape of the roof the sports car models 230 SL, 250 SL and 280 SL are now generally known as the “pagoda SL”.

 

Werbeanzeige Mercedes-Benz: "Sein Name Mercedes-Benz 230 SL", Mercedes-Benz Baureihe W 113 (230 SL, 250 SL, 280 SL), 1963 - 1971

Französisch. Werbeanzeige Mercedes-Benz: "Voulez-vous faire un essai de la Mercedes-Benz 230 SL? Soit, mais alors vous allez perdre votre tranquilitè jusqu'à ce que vous possédiez cette voiture.", Mercedes-Benz Typ W 113 (230 SL, 250 SL, 280 SL)

Mercedes-Benz Typ 280 SL der Baureihe W 113

Mercedes-Benz Typ 280 SL der Baureihe W 113

Mercedes-Benz Typ 280 SL der Baureihe W 113

Mercedes-Benz Typ 280 SL der Baureihe W 113

Mercedes-Benz Typ 280 SL der Baureihe W 113

Mercedes-Benz Typ 280 SL der Baureihe W 113

Mercedes-Benz "Pagoden-SL" der Baureihe W 113

Mercedes-Benz "Pagoden-SL" der Baureihe W 113.

Mercedes-Benz "Pagoden-SL" der Baureihe W 113.

Mercedes-Benz "Pagoden-SL" der Baureihe W 113.

Mercedes-Benz Typ 230 SL mit Dethleffs-Caravan, aus dem Jahre 1963

Mercedes-Benz Typ 230 SL, aus dem Jahre 1966

Mercedes-Benz Typ 250 SL, aus dem Jahre 1968

Mercedes-Benz Typ 280 SL, 1968

Mercedes-Benz Typ 280 SL Roadster

Mercedes-Benz Typ 230 SL, 1963 - 1967. Armaturen

Mercedes-Benz Typ 230 SL, 1963 - 1967. Einstieg, Türaustattung und Armaturen.

Mercedes-Benz Typ 230 SL, aus dem Jahre 1963

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